The Ethiopian Civil Service University started operation in 1995 but was formally established in February, 1996 as an autonomous institution with legal status by the Council of Minister Regulation No. 3/1996. Since establishment, the University has contributed immensely in developing the capacity of the Ethiopian Civil Service University through education and training. The need for the establishment of the University arose from the acute need for the country’s civil service system with the new form of government structure, namely, the Federal Government System introduced in 1991. In this historical and political shift from a highly centralized unitary government system to a decentralized federal system, and given the country’s existing higher institutions’ intake capacity, the shortage of trained manpower in the country in general and in the emerging regions in particular, was acute. As a result, the duties and responsibilities of self administration by the regional state government and their various agencies were very difficult to handle. To satisfy this urgent need, the University began operations with only two fields of studies: Law and Economics.